Halina King Birthday Girl: Birthday! My Birthday!
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April 26th
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day of the year, since 2012 is a leap year!
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day of the year!
day of the year, since 2020 is a leap year!

Famous Person Sharing My Birthday:

One of the most famous English people who share my birthday, in history, is William Shakespeare who was born in Stratford-on-Avon in Warwickshire, England, on the 26th April 1564, which was

Who was William Shakespeare?

Very little is known about his life, but by 1592 he was in London working as an actor and a dramatist and between about 1590 and 1613, he wrote at least 37 plays and collaborated on several more; many of these plays were very successful both at court and in the public playhouses; in 1613, Shakespeare retired from the theatre and returned to Stratford-upon-Avon, where he died and was buried in 1616.

What did he write?

Shakespeare wrote plays and poems; his plays were comedies, histories and tragedies; amongst his 17 comedies were 'A Midsummer Night’s Dream' and 'The Merry Wives of Windsor'; amongst his 17 histories were 'Henry V' and 'Richard III'; and amongst his tragedies were 'Hamlet', 'Othello' and 'King Lear'; his best known poems are 'The Sonnets', which were first published in 1609.

What are the quartos?

Shakespeare’s plays began to be printed in 1594, with his tragedy 'Titus Andronicus', which appeared as a small, cheap pamphlet called a quarto because of the way it was printed; 18 of Shakespeare’s plays had appeared in quarto editions by the time of his death in 1616; another 3 plays were printed in quarto before 1642 and in 1623 an expensive folio volume of 36 plays by Shakespeare was printed, which included most of those printed in quarto.

Why are the quartos important?

None of Shakespeare’s manuscripts survived, so the printed texts of his plays are our only source for what he originally wrote and the quarto editions are the texts closest to Shakespeare’s time; some are thought to preserve either his working drafts or his fair copies; others are thought to record versions remembered by actors who performed the plays, providing information about staging practices in Shakespeare’s day.

Infamous Event:

One of the most infamous events that happened on my birthday, in history, was at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant disaster in the Ukraine, on the 26th April 1986, which was the product of a flawed Soviet reactor design coupled with serious mistakes made by the plant operators; it was a direct consequence of Cold War isolation and the resulting lack of any safety culture.

What Happened?

An accident destroyed the Chernobyl reactor, killing 30 operators and firemen within three months and several further deaths later; one person was killed immediately and a second died in hospital soon after as a result of injuries received; another person is reported to have died at the time from a coronary thrombosis; Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) was originally diagnosed in 237 people on site and involved with the clean up and it was later confirmed in 134 cases' of these, 28 people died as a result of ARS within a few weeks of the accident; 19 more subsequently died between 1987 and 2004 but their deaths cannot necessarily be attributed to radiation exposure; nobody off site suffered from acute radiation effects although a large proportion of childhood thyroid cancers diagnosed since the accident is likely to be due to the intake of radioactive iodine fallout; furthermore, large areas of Belarus, Ukraine, Russia and beyond were contaminated in varying degrees.

National Pretzel Day:

This is an unofficial food holiday that is celebrated annually on the 26th April; on this day, fans of these treats pay tribute to pretzels of all kinds; Pretzels can be crunchy or soft, salty or flavoured and they come in all kinds of shapes including sticks, twisted, or even round; some like their pretzels plain while others prefer theirs with a little spice, or along with a cold beer; no matter what your personal preferences are, most people have enjoyed a pretzel at some time or another and National Pretzel Day is a great day to learn how to make your own pretzels, try new variations or just indulge in these treats.

National Pretzel Day History:

The first National Pretzel Day was declared in 1983, but the day is still new to many; the Pretzel itself has a rich history and can be traced back to ancient times when they were enjoyed during Lent; since the 7th century, there have been several documented recipes for the pretzel and one story says that in 610 AD a monk took rolls of leftover dough and shaped them into criss-crossed arms in the shape of praying hands; he called the treat a 'Pretiola' or 'Little Reward'; others dubbed his treats 'Brachiola' or 'Little Arms'; the first pretzels were soft foodbreads.

Birthday! My Birthday!

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