Type 2 Diabetes, once called adult-onset Diabetes
or non-insulin dependent Diabetes, is the most common type of Diabetes;
these Diabetics may actually make healthy or even high levels of Insulin
but, their body cells have a resistance to, or do not use, the Insulin
effectively, creating an abnormal glucose tolerance test and higher
than normal levels of Insulin in the blood; it usually occurs in adults
over the age of 40 and over 75% of Diabetics suffer from Type 2.
In the Uk the risk of Type 2 Diabetes is around 5 times higher amongst South Asian people and 2 to 3 times higher amongst black people than it is amongst people of white European decent.
Type 2 Diabetics need to maintain blood sugar levels of an HbA1c1
concentration of 7% or less; though this is not always possible without
causing Hypoglycaemia; many are treated
by diet and exercise alone, but some also have to be treated with tablets
and or Insulin.
Whether the patient is obese or not, losing weight by practicing healthy
eating combined with daily exercise can improve the effectiveness of
how their body uses its own Insulin, which is essential to controlling
their blood sugar levels; this means that the need for them to take
additional medication may be prevented or at least delayed and the likelihood
of them developing Diabetic complications such as Heart
Attacks, Gangrene, Kidney
Strokes and Foot
Problems such as Ulcers may
also be prevented or delayed.
The life expectancy of a type 2 Diabetic is 5 to 10 years less than
a non-Diabetic and the principal cause of death for 70% of those with
type 2 is Atherosclerotic
Vascular Disease, especially Coronary Artery Disease and Stroke.
If you have been diagnosed as a Type 2 Diabetic then read as much as
you can about Diabetes, starting with I
am a Type 2 Diabetic.
Myth: Type 2 Diabetes is not a Mild form of Diabetes; there is no such thing as a Mild or Borderline form of
Diabetes; all forms of Diabetes are serious and require treatment, a balanced diet and exercise.
Along with meal planning and physical activity, many Diabetics have
to take Diabetes Medication as well; Diabetes
pills help people with Type 2 Diabetes or gestational Diabetes to keep
their blood glucose levels on target; several kinds of pills are available
and each works in a different way; many people take two or three kinds
of pills and some people take combination pills, which contain two kinds
of Diabetes medicine in one tablet and some people take both pills and
Diabetes Related Information Leaflets